Last Updated on November 28, 2023

Cells in mechanotransduction

Mechanotransduction is a fascinating field of study that explores how cells respond to various forces and stresses in their natural environment. This article aims to provide an overview of mechanotransduction, its significance in cell biology, and the role of cell stretching devices in advancing research in this field.

What is Mechanotransduction?

Mechanotransduction refers to the process by which cells convert mechanical forces from the extracellular space into signaling pathways within the cell. This phenomenon plays a critical role in shaping cell structure and function. External stimuli, such as mechanical stretching, can induce cellular responses like changes in orientation, cytoskeleton rearrangement, and activation of signaling events for protein translation and elongation [1]. Furthermore, these stimuli can also influence gene and protein expression and impact calcium influx through stretch-activated channels [2]. Despite its importance, the mechanisms underlying cell responses to these stimuli often remain a mystery to researchers.

Significance of Mechanotransduction

Mechanotransduction is essential for various physiological functions in cell biology. Cultured cells behave differently in static benchtop or incubator conditions compared to their typical dynamic physiological environment. To understand the underlying mechanisms of cell response and obtain a more realistic understanding, researchers have developed physiological stimulation devices that can simulate different experimental conditions. These devices, including cell stretching systems, enable controlled application of stretch on cultured cells, allowing for the study of cellular responses under different stretch frequencies and ratios. This expansion of research in mechanotransduction has led to a deeper understanding of cell behavior and the effects of introducing small molecules.

Cell Stretch Devices

Cell stretching systems are specialized devices designed to apply controlled stretch to cultured cells. These systems typically utilize flexible chambers made of silicone elastomer, onto which cells adhere. The cells can then be subjected to programmed stretch frequencies and ratios either within an incubator for extended periods or mounted to a microscope for imaging, depending on the experimental setup. The development of these devices has significantly contributed to advancements in mechanotransduction research by providing researchers with precise tools to investigate cellular responses under controlled mechanical stimuli.

Strex as a Leader in Cell Stretch Devices

Strex is a leading developer of cell stretch devices and other physiological stimulation systems. We are committed to meeting the ongoing needs of researchers in the field of mechanotransduction. Our expertise lies in the development of cutting-edge tools that enable accurate and reliable stretch applications to cultured cells. By using Strex’s devices, researchers can enhance their understanding of mechanotransduction and its implications for cell biology.

Conclusion

Mechanotransduction is a vital area of research that investigates how cells respond to mechanical forces and stresses. By understanding the mechanisms underlying cell responses, researchers can gain valuable insights into cell behavior and its implications for various physiological functions. The development of cell stretch devices, such as those offered by Strex, has revolutionized mechanotransduction research, providing researchers with powerful tools to explore the effects of mechanical stimuli on cells.

1 Nakai, N., Kawano, F., Oke, Y., Nomura, S., Ohira, T., Fujita, R., & Ohira, Y. (2010). Mechanical stretch activates signaling events for protein translation initiation and elongation in C2C12 myoblasts. Molecules and cells30(6), 513-518.

2 Murase, K., Naruse, K., Kimura, A., Okumura, K., Hayakawa, T., & Sokabe, M. (2001). Protamine augments stretch induced calcium increase in vascular endothelium. British journal of pharmacology134(7), 1403-1410.

Questions?

For more information on mechanotransduction studies and how Strex’s stretch devices can aid in your research, please contact us.